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Roboethics is the application of ethical philosophy to domain of robotics. Research in Roboethics can be crudely split into two categories.

  1. Ethical considerations that arise with robots as they are introduced into society.
  2. Development of ethics for robots

While science fiction writers have attempted to depict society in which robots are pervasive, many complex and increasingly relevant questions remain unanswered about robots. Philosophers, policy makers, and robotic designers are now actively working to establish codes (cultural, legal, and software) to govern the behavior of robots.

A conceptual drawing of an economically autonomous robotic entitiy.


  1. Reynolds, C. (Ed.) (2011). Devices that Alter Perception 2010. ISBN-10: 1463664249. Charleston, SC: CreateSpace. [Amazon]
  2. Reynolds, C. (2010) Uncanny Moral Behavior. 8th European Conference on Computing and Philosophy, October 4 - 6, Munich, Germany. [PDF]
  3. Reynolds, C. and Cassinelli, A. (2009) Machine Self-Sacrifice. Eighth International Conference of Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiry. June 26-28, 2009, Corfu, Greece. [PDF]
  4. Reynolds, C., Cassinelli, A., Watanabe, Y., and Ishikawa, M. (2008) Manipulating Perception. 6th European Conference on Computing and Philosophy, June 16 - 18, Montpellier, France. [PDF]
  5. Reynolds, C. (2007) Image Act Theory. Seventh International Conference of Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiry. July 12-14, 2007, San Diego, California, USA. [PDF]
  6. Reynolds, C., Cassinelli, A., and M. Ishikawa (2007) Economically Autonomous Robotic Entities. Workshop on Roboethics in conjunction with IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA'07). April 10 - 14 2007, Rome, Italy. [PDF]
  7. Reynolds, C. and Ishikawa, M. (2007) Robotic Thugs. The Ninth ETHICOMP International Conference on the Social and Ethical Impacts of Information and Communication Technology (ETHICOMP 2007). March 27 - 29, 2007, Meiji University, Tokyo, Japan. [PDF]
  8. Reynolds, C. and Ishikawa, M. (2006). Robot Trickery. International Workshop on Ethics of Human Interaction with Robotic, Bionic, and AI Systems: Concepts and Policies, October 17 - 18, 2006, Naples, Italy. [PDF]
  9. Reynolds, C. and Wren, C. (2006) Worse Is Better for Ambient Sensing. Workshop on Privacy, Trust and Identity Issues for Ambient Intelligence, In conjunction with the 4th International Conference on Pervasive Computing, May 7 - 10, 2006, Dublin, Ireland. [PDF]
  10. Reynolds, C. and Picard, R. (2005) Evaluation of Affective Computing Systems from a Dimensional Metaethical Position. 1st Augmented Cognition International Conference, In conjunction with the 11th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction. July 22 - 27, 2005, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. Appears in: Foundations of Augmented Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, Mahwah, New Jersey, pp. 899 - 907. [PDF]
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Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, University of Tokyo
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